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Global Warming Essay, Global Warming Composition
Essay 1: Global Warming and What You Can Do to Help.
We hear the term
“greenhouse gas” a lot—but what is it? Humans add various gases
to the earth’s atmosphere every day; these gases (known as
“greenhouse gases”) consist primarily of carbon dioxide, ozone,
chlorofluorocarbons, nitrous oxide, and methane, and tend to
warm the earth. Trees help counter greenhouse gas production
during photosynthesis, by taking in carbon dioxide as waste
material and producing oxygen, which of course we all need to
survive. Scientists predict that the daily addition of
greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, combined with daily removal
of large portions of the world’s forests, will raise the earth’s
average temperature by several degrees in the next century.
This in turn will raise the level of the sea and potentially
create significant changes in weather patterns on a
scale. As we move into the future, many climatologists expect
that most of the United States will warm. What we do not know
yet is how to scientifically predict which parts of the nation
will become wetter or drier. We do know there is likely to be
an overall trend toward increased precipitation and evaporation,
and more intense weather systems, in the form of violent
rainstorms, blizzards and sun-baked, drier soils.
The Facts—What Do We
Already Know About Changing
temperatures are rising. Observations collected over the
last century suggest that the average land surface
temperature has risen 0.45-0.6°C (0.8-1.0°F) in the last
increased by about 1 percent over the world's continents in
the last century, with more rain in high latitudes and less
rain in many tropical areas.
Sea levels have
risen approximately 15-20 cm (6-8 inches) worldwide in the
last century, due to melting mountain glaciers and ocean
expansion from warmer ocean temperatures.
Predictions Can We Make About Climate Change and
temperatures are expected to further raise sea level, and
change precipitation and other local climate conditions.
climate could alter forests, crop yields, and water
In the next century,
the projected 2°C (3.6°F)
could shift the ideal range of many North American forest
tree species by about 300 km (200 mi.) to the north.
could change grazing activities on western rangeland
habitats due to shifts in water availability and plant
Human and animal
health will be affected by more heat-related deaths. There
will be increases in "vector-borne" diseases such as plague,
malaria, encephalitis, and yellow fever.
Loss of habitat may
affect populations of many types of wildlife, including
birds, reptiles, mammals, fish and sea life. Increased rates
of extinction are expected.
could be affected in a variety of ways due to changes in
rainfall and temperatures. Farming and ranching will require
adaptation to new crops or new agricultural practices in the
face of climate change.
What each one of us
can do to help prevent global warming.
Plant native trees
around your homes and businesses.
Replace your home's
refrigerator with a high-efficiency model.
Buy products in
reusable or recyclable packaging.
Replace your washing
machine with a low-energy, low-water use machine.
Install a solar
thermal system to help provide your hot water.
Recycle all of your
home's waste newspapers, cardboard, glass, and metal.
Leave your car at
home two days a week (walk, bike, vanpool, or take the bus).
Insulate your home,
tune up your furnace, and install energy-efficient
Essay 2: Is Global Warming a Scam?
Yes, it is the greatest scam in history.
I am amazed, appalled and highly offended by it. Global Warming;
It is a SCAM.
Some dastardly scientists with environmental and political
motives manipulated long term scientific data back in the late
1990's to create an allusion of rapid global warming.
Other scientists of the same environmental wacko type jumped
into the circle to support and broaden the "research" to further
enhance the totally slanted, bogus global warming claims.
Their friends in government steered huge research grants their way
to keep the movement going. Soon they claimed to be a consensus.
Environmental extremist, notable politicians among them then teamed
up with movie, media and other liberal, environmentalist
journalists to create this wild "scientific" scenario of the
civilization threatening environmental consequences from
Global Warming unless we adhere to their radical agenda.
Now their ridicules manipulated science has been accepted as fact
and become a cornerstone issue for CNN, CBS, NBC, the Democratic
Political Party, the Governor of California, school teachers and, in
many cases, well informed but very gullible environmental
conscientious citizens. Only one reporter at ABC has been allowed to
counter the Global Warming frenzy with one 15 minutes
I do not oppose environmentalism. I do not oppose the
political positions of either party.
However, Global Warming, i.e. Climate Change, is not about
environmentalism or politics. It is not a religion. It is not
something you "believe in." It is science; the science of
meteorology. This is my field of life-long expertise. And I am
telling you Global Warming is a nonevent, a manufactured crisis and
a total scam. I say this knowing you probably won't believe me, a
mere TV weatherman, challenging a Nobel Prize, Academy Award and
Emmy Award winning former Vice President of United States. So be it.
I suspect you might like to say to me, "John, look the research that
supports the case for global warming was done by research
scientists; people with PH D's in Meteorology. They are employed by
major universities and important research institutions. Their work
has been reviewed by other scientists with PH D's. They have to know
a lot more about it than you do. Come on, John, get with it. The
experts say our pollution has created an strong and increasing
greenhouse effect and a rapid, out of control global warming is
underway that will sky rocket temperatures, destroy agriculture,
melt the ice caps, flood the coastlines and end life as we know it.
How can you dissent from this crisis? You must be a bit nutty.
Allow me, please, to explain how I think this all came about. Our
universities have become somewhat isolated from the rest of us.
There is a culture and attitudes and values and pressures on campus
that are very different. I know this group well. My father and my
older brother were both PHD-University types. I was raised in the
university culture. Any person who spends a decade at a university
obtaining a PHD in Meteorology and become a research scientist, more
likely than not, becomes a part of that single minded culture. They
all look askance at the rest of us, certain of their superiority.
They respect government and disrespect business, particularly big
business. They are environmentalists above all else.
And, there is something else. These scientists know that if they do
research and results are in no way alarming, their research will
gather dust on the shelf and their research careers will languish.
But if they do research that sounds alarms, they will become well
known and respected and receive scholarly awards and, very
importantly, more research dollars will come flooding their way.
So when these researchers did climate change studies in the
late 90's they were eager to produce findings that would be
important and be widely noticed and trigger more research funding.
It was easy for them to manipulate the data to come up with the
results they wanted to make headlines and at the same time drive
their environmental agendas. Then their like minded PHD
colleagues reviewed their work and hastened to endorse it without
There were a few who didn't fit the mold. They did ask questions and
raised objections. They did research with contradictory results. The
environmental elitists berated them brushed their studies
I have learned since the Ice Age is coming scare in the 1970's to
always be a skeptic about research. In the case of global warming, I
didn't accept media accounts. Instead I read dozens of the
scientific papers. I have talked with numerous scientists. I have
studied. I have thought about it. I know I am correct when I assure
you there is no run away climate change. The impact of humans
on climate is not catastrophic. Our planet is not in peril.
It is all a scam, the result of bad science.
I am not alone in this assessment. There are hundreds of other
meteorologists, many of them PH D's, who are as certain as I am that
this global warming frenzy is based on bad science and is not
I am incensed by the incredible media glamour, the politically
correct silliness and rude dismal of counter arguments by the high
priest of Global Warming.
In time, a decade or two, the outrageous scam will be obvious. As
the temperature rises, polar ice cap melting, coastal flooding and
super storm pattern all fail to occur as predicted everyone will
come to realize we have been duped.
The sky is not falling. And, natural cycles and drifts in climate
are as much if not more responsible for any climate changes
I strongly believe that the next twenty years are equally as likely
to see a cooling trend as they are to see a warming trend.
Essay 3: Global
Warming, Climatic Change and Destruction
Human existence is in danger of disorder
and destruction. This becomes apparent for every human being who
stands back and observes nature in which he lives. Global Warming
and Climate Change is threatening our existence. The whole
world is speaking about it. Organizations have sprung up and
Governments are spending billions on closely monitoring and watching
Climate Change. The temples of science have come with many
causes for Global Warming and Climate Change. Intellectuals
organization with huge funding have organized summit to discuss ways
to solve this danger that humanity is facing. Business houses and
organization have jumped the bandwagon to promote their brand or
develop products to cater this new hype about Global warming and
Climate Change. But the truth is that we do not know the actual
reason for Global warming and Climate Change thus we
have no real solution to survive the disaster coming or way. It is
apparent that Global warming and climate change is related to
time/energy. We need to understand the secret of energy flow in
nature if we have to battle the Global warming effectively.
The modern world and its mind thinks and looks to solution to every
problem through the same binocular, which is the cause for the
present state of the world. Here, I make a humble effort to bring
your mind to Certain New Level of thinking and cause a change in
direction.. By the ignorance of the Truth of Nature human mind is
exploiting nature, breeding violence, war, terrorism and making the
earth a “RED EARTH”. I believe human mind and its thinking should be
transformed, to make a “EARTH GREEN”
Honestly speaking Global warming and Climate Change,
the unstable state of Sun and Cosmos, the natural catastrophes etc.,
is not the problem which made me leave behind everything and
dissolve the little material wealth my parents left me and struggle
relentlessly to tap the door of the world. I believe the whole and
me are connected. My survival exists in relation to yours. I could
not sit back when I perceive dangers to the world. My principle
concern is “Knowledge Explosion”. The knowledge human has
accumulated regarding nature and life till 1950’s has doubled in the
next 40years. This again has doubled in the next 10years. Since then
aided by media explosion, it is doubling at a very fast rate. It is
expected that present knowledge will double by end 2010.
What concerns me is that the knowledge that is exploding is the
inferior knowledge or the knowledge of matter. We know that matter
is gravitational or centripetal and that in time it tends to
collapse to a point and energy of it shred the system. This means we
by ignorance are inching towards self destruction. Our knowledge of
nature is incomplete and partial. The modern world has grown by
virtue of material power and works for self advancement. His mind
has been engaged in splitting to sustain and advance his self by
forgetting the “Higher Self”. My first concern is about human
thinking. I believe human mind and its thinking is the root cause
for Global Warming Climate Change, increasing disorder,
increasing instability and so on.. We should have paradigm shift in
thinking from material to living knowledge
Two laws govern the existence of energy. They are the First law of
thermodynamics and second law of thermodynamics. The first law tells
us that everything in nature can eventually be deduced to heat and
that one form of force or energy can only be transformed into
another form of energy but it cannot be destroyed. The second law
states that every time one form of energy is converted into another
form of energy some heat is lost. This means, the heat of the medium
or the environment should increase unilaterally and cause disorder
and shredding of the universal system. When heat of a system
increases, common sense tells us that disorder of the system
increase in parallel. For example see the particle of coffee powder
or tea powder moving in water as the heat rises. Actually we humans
are experiencing this boiling and we are the cause for this boiling.
The knowledge that humanity has accumulated comes from mind that
directs to two possible direction; one when it directs to the outer
world of matter and the other to the inner world of life. The mind
which aligns with matter engages in material exploitation seeking
self advancement and mind that turns to inner world moves to
spiritual knowledge. But both these exploration is limited by the
boundaries it lays. In science the languages limits its expression
and in spirituality the religions limits. Thus, the enquirer fails
to sees the truth that exists next to his skin. The reason is that
individual mind is always attached with self and is bonded
The Global Warming, Climate Change, instability, disorder and
destruction we are witnessing can be directly related to human mind
aligning with matter and exploiting it unilaterally without
understanding the truth and functioning of nature and its oneness.
If you stand back and observe nature and the energy flow in which we
exist, we note that earth and the energy flow in which all known
life exist works like a double pump or heart. When west awakes to
sunlight, and the material matter in it unwinds and goes into
disorder, the east simultaneously goes into darkness and order. It
acts as a sink for the energy. The earth and solar system is
designed such that when the sunlight peaks in the west
simultaneously darkness peaks in the east and they give way to the
This makes us think, is Universe a Living System? It also gives
human mind a new platform to enquire, explore and grow. This is
explored in my site at length and it gives new foundation for it.
The vision of the universe as a living system is not new. Our
ancient spiritual system speaks exhaustively about it. Even modern
science has come one circle back to realize that universe is somehow
is living [Gaia Hypothesis and Quantum interpretations]. But they
are failing to comprehend this truth from the binoculars which they
The solution to Global warming, Climate Change
disorder and Destruction that humanity is facing has to emerge from
changing the direction of our look. There is a breath to the
universe or “Energy Rhythm” in 24 hour cycle or clock. Let us call
it “Earth Rhythm”. Or “Quantum Dance of Earth” We know that life has
an inherent biological clock which tries to adjust to this earth’s
clock. This is called “Biorhythm” All life should be understood as
struggle to maintain its “Biological Rhythm” in relation “Earth’s
Rhythm”. This dance exists not only in life, but even hydrogen atom.
All system in nature is aware of time. The only exception I see is
The “Earth’s rhythm” and the “Biorhythm” are interconnected. When
“Earth’s rhythm” is positive and healthy, the enclosed life and
systems are positive and healthy. When “Earth’s Rhythm” is negative,
the enclosed life is unhealthy and tends death. Earth rhythm is
positive, when humans are positive. Let me interpret this way earths
rhythm is positive when human mind aligns with Mind of God and works
within law. Earth’s rhythm is negative when humans turn self and
aligns with his inferior mind
The present day disordered world is the direct product of breaking
the “Earth’s Energy Rhythm”. What this means is that the Cause for
Global Warming and Climate Change is directly related to breaking
“Earth’s Energy Rhythm”
We have interfered into the day and night cycle or ordering and
disordering phase of earth energy cycle. In our material quest we
have unilaterally increased the heat content and we have interfered
into vital ordering phase or the dark phase of earth’s energy cycle.
We know that soul and life’s force works to repair the system when
the mind is asleep. Similarly Earth works creatively to maintain
order when the darkness fall.
The modern world in its material quest and attempt to rule the world
by material power has unilaterally disrupted the capacity of earth
to function creatively and self-organize to sustain order. To
understand this, just imagine the energy flow in earth with plants.
The plant absorbs sunlight and energy and thus works against
disorder, when the night falls they use the energy and matter
creatively and grow against gravity and time direction. This
opposition of life and matter is proven by second law thermodynamics
applied to life and material system. The activity of plants life
guards the material world against the gravitational collapse. But
the plant life when unchecked can create time direction to
Now if we visualize plant and animals together it gives three
dimensions to energy flow in nature. Three dimensions give more
stability to nature and its design. The plants and animals never
interfere into day and night cycle or “Earth’s energy Rhythm”. A
time direction to nature and disruption of energy flow in earth
leading to disorder and destruction emerges when we visualize earth
with Human Beings. All living systems lives by instinct only human
live by the mind. The mind attached to matter, aligns with matter
force and creates a time direction to disorder and death or
gravitational collapse. The solution to Global warming,
Climate Change, disorder, destruction and death exist in
detaching the mind from matter and turn the mind to soul and spirit.
This however cannot be done, unless the modern world and its
foundation is reviewed and corrected. I have spent one life time
selflessly on it. Please read and explore my site “Awakening to
The modern world is constructed on one simple force called gravity.
The second law of thermodynamics applied to it, tells us that the
universe will collapse to a point. Einstein, whose work led to the
Big Bang Theory, probably knew before hand that his work leads to
nonsensical conclusion of collapse of the whole universal system
into a non defined infinitely small point. He did introduce the
concept of Anti-gravity and retreated from it probably because he
was not able to comprehend its source and the entire picture of
nature. I present to you what Einstein failed to give you – the
source of Anti-gravity. The source of anti-gravity is life. Nature
needs to be understood as interaction two forces. Even the existence
of one cell will stop the world from collapse and it calls us to
re-visualize the Big Bang Theory. In the exception of adult human’s
earth and its energy flow is stable. A time direction to disorder
comes’s form human mind that seeks self.
No wonder Bible tells us Humans were created with a Law. The law
resists humans from eating form the tree at the center. But time is
inevitable. The Biblical revelation to me tells that this law was a
“resistive law” resisting humanity from aligning his mind
exclusively with material force and lead the world to a collapse.
This “Biblical Reality” and “Truth of Nature” can only be explained
by viewing universe as living. The ancient seems to have understood
this secret or the Truth of Nature. But this knowledge of life or
the Light of Life and Nature seems to have lost to humans during the
time cycle and hence he has shifted into darkness and death. Bible
relates it to Adam eating the forbidden fruit. Second part of Bible
however gives hope of seeing the Lost Light, transformation and
restoration. This is supported by other scriptures. The Calvary as
Creation Secret is well written in Yajurveda vs 30-31. Let me not go
further into spiritual aspect.
We must note that flow and motion is the basic feature of nature. A
flow necessitates two parts a right and left or vice-versa. Max
Planck has proved that energy flow occurs in quantum manner. A
perpetual and cyclic flow can only be visualized from ratio which
alternates between two states [Say 4:3 and 3:4]. This should be the
basic design of the smallest particle and the whole universal
Nature in fact is designed in pairs [ males and female] of such
dancing system that balances each other. The best example is the day
and night cycle manifesting between West and East simultaneously and
in which all life exists. This is “Biorhythm of Earth” This Rhythm
is stable between two limits. When pushed to the limit beyond which
the system has to collapse in favor on one cycle depending on the
Time direction from materialistic thinking tells that universe has
two phases one leading to collapse to the center and the other
leading to expansion. But science has failed to comprehend it
comprehensively. In contrast to this life and its reproductive phase
gives an explanation as to how universe exist and perpetuates in
time cycles. Here the dominant dissolves into the recessive to form
into one and later it emerges to form two and take control. In the
transition state there is only one world. The ancient spiritual
world called it monistic state and dualistic state, manifesting
state [womb state] and the manifested state and so on. In the
manifested state a law exists. In the manifesting state what exists
is Love and Forgiveness
Our hope of surviving Global warming and Climate Change exits
in knowing the Truth of Nature or recovering the lost Knowledge. In
other words it exists in knowing the Living Universe Theory and
bringing change in our thinking about nature. There is hope for the
world only in this realization.
Good News of Global Warming
We did see “energy rhythm” or “quantum dance” in 12 hour cycle. If
you care observe nature, we see this cycle is embedded in a bigger
cycle of 12 month where the climatic phases peaks and gives way to
the opposite. Here when the heat and disordering phase peaks, the
water evaporates. The plant which forms the base of the food chain
is stressed. This in turn stresses all the ecological strata. But
nature is designed such that the unseen force of life emerges as
cloud cutting sunlight coming to earth. The dry heat now gives way
for wet heat. Plants and animals senses this changes and prepares it
self for change. If you observe and experiment we note the moment
cloud comes and dry heat turns to wet heat, the plants show
physiological changes. The reproductive growth shifts into
vegetative. However this is the tough period for life. Only those
which read nature and change closely survive. If the period is
extended the life struggles and pays a huge price. The seeding of
the cloud such that it manifest as rain and gives new life has come
from life it self. Every life when it stresses seeks life from
above. The only exception is a human who works to snatch what is
available in the next door. As scientist I used to mock at people
who conduct prayers for rain. Today after knowing the Truth I do it
that is the change that has come in me.
History tells that the 12 month climatic cycle in turn is embedded
12 year cycle with its own peak. This is recorded by science. The
knowledge of time and energy cycle of the ancient is very deep. Even
a bird’s eye view shows the immense depth in the ancient knowledge
system such as Vedas and Mayans. It reflects in their cultures very
much. The Mayans who are called time keepers of the world have
predicted that the present time cycle ends in 2012 Dec 21. Similar
end and new beginning is predicted in Bible, Vedas, and other
scriptures. Christian may not approve such accurate prediction.
Because it said only the Father knows the exact time. However, a
Biblical prediction relates to the action that takes place in the
spiritual world, the Mayans have predicted it based on the
observation of the manifestation of this spiritual action. The Mayan
prediction is based on certain stellar configuration. So they are
These predictions are associated with great many catastrophes and
miseries to humankind. Bible compares it to the pains of pregnant
women before she delivers. Just as warming encloses the Good Sign of
life force coming, birth pain encloses sign of happy moments, the
Global warming and climatic changes increasing natural
catastrophes has positive content hidden in it. They are stressing
humanity awaken to his consciousness and take New Life and gain New
Mind and thinking.
It is stressing humanity to awaken to truth and come to His senses
and transform smoothly to New Time Cycle.
I am sure this will happen; we will see a Golden Period, where
Justice and Truth will prevail over and untruth, where life force
rules and give life and order. The only question left is how much
more disorder and destruction should occur before humanity awakens
Global Warming and its Environmental Impact
The world faces serious threats from
unchecked global warming. Cities and villages, farms and
forests, mountains and coastlines will experience the impacts of
climate change in different ways. Our scientific understanding
of why and how global warming occurs is very good, but predicting
future impacts of climate change at regional and local levels
is much more difficult. Nevertheless, much research has gone into
understanding vulnerability to global warming in Latin America. This
briefing explains some recent scientific assessments of regional
climate change impacts. As you will see below, climate change
impacts for Latin America will be significant. For example:
Agricultural crop production could suffer by as much as 30% in
Mexico because of global warming.
Currently over 70 million people in Latin America are already
without safe water supply. Within two decades, tens of millions more
people could be experiencing water stress due to climate change.
By the 2050s the number could climb to 100 million or more.
Scientists believe that climate change will increase the
frequency and severity of El Nino events, bringing increased risk of
floods, droughts, and other damage. The strong El Nino event in
1982-3 was associated with economic losses of up to US$14 billion
worldwide, and up to US$2 billion just in Peru due to the
devastating effects on fish stocks.
Climate change is projected to increase the intensity and
duration of hurricanes. Hurricane Mitch hit Central America in 1999
and caused economic destruction in Honduras and Nicaragua equal to
their combined GDPs. Only 25% of rural households had sufficient
food after the hurricane.
Longstanding Climate Vulnerability
Though Latin American countries have made great recent strides in
development, poverty and inequality are still problems in many
areas. In addition, urbanization, rapid land use change, and a high
degree of dependence on natural resources mean that much of the
population is already vulnerable to disturbances such as extreme
weather events. Thirty to forty percent of employment is in the
agricultural sector. Much of the socioeconomic progress that has
been made is at risk from climate change.
Climatic variability and extreme weather events have been severely
affecting Latin America over recent years. Scientists believe that
one effect of global warming is to amplify this variability, to make
droughts harsher and longer, and to make floods more serious. This
is a worldwide phenomenon, and can be seen, for example, in the
intense rainfall and flooding in Venezuela in 1999 and 2005 and in
the Argentinean pampas from 2000-2002. The Amazonian drought in 2005
is another example.
Many of the current climate change studies indicate that the
frequency in the occurrence of extreme events will increase in the
future. Many impacts of climate change will be realized as
the result of a change in the frequency of occurrence of extreme
weather events such as windstorms, tornados, hail, heatwaves, gales,
heavy precipitation or extreme temperatures over a few hours or
The El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the main driver of short
term climate variability in Latin America, and has large impacts on
the economy and the well-being of people. 4 El Nino has been
associated with increased risk of floods and droughts. The strong El
Nino event in 1982-3 was associated with economic losses of up to
US$14 billion worldwide, and up to US$2 billion just in Peru due to
the devastating effects on fish stocks. Scientists believe that
climate change will increase the frequency and severity of El Nino
Agriculture, Food and Nutrition
Agricultural crop production could suffer by as much as 30% in
Mexico because of global warming, according to crop-simulation
models, depending on climate variability. Heat stress and dry soils
could reduce yields by up to a third in tropical and subtropical
regions where crops are already at their maximum heat tolerance. By
2050, fifty percent of agricultural lands in Latin America and the
Caribbean could be subject to desertification and salinization,
affecting food supply and nutrition for many people. As demand for
irrigation water increases, agricultural uses will compete with
domestic uses of water, raising prices and decreasing supply
Over 70 million people in Latin America are already without safe
water supply. In the next decade scientists are very sure that the
Andean inter-tropical glaciers are likely to disappear compromising
water availability in the region.7 Combined with other changes in
rainfall, within two decades, tens of millions more people could be
experiencing water stress due to climate change. 8 By the
2050s the number could climb to 100 million or more people
experiencing water stress. To avoid water stress, many of these
people could decide to migrate to other areas, raising the potential
for social conflict.
The rates of sea-level rise have been increasing in the past 10-20
years, and will have an adverse impact on low-lying areas, coastal
areas dependent on tourism, mangrove and estuary systems which are
nurseries for economically important fish populations, and which
will create salt-water intrusion on fresh water supplies and
groundwater supplies in vulnerability areas. Coral reefs in Mexico,
Belize, and Panama, important for fish production, will be
particularly hard hit, as will the location of fish stocks in the
Tropical Storms and Hurricanes
Hurricane Mitch hit Central America in 1999 and caused economic
destruction in Honduras and Nicaragua equal to their combined GDPs.
Only 25% of rural households had sufficient food after the
hurricane. Warmer oceans are expected have an effect on the
strength, and perhaps on the duration, of hurricanes. Stronger winds
and more intense rains are fueled by warmer sea surface
temperatures. Frequency of hurricanes may not be affected.
Disease and Health
The main climate impacts on human health other than hunger and water
stress will be in the areas of heat stress, malaria, dengue, cholera
and other water borne diseases, and deaths from flooding in coastal
areas. Changes in the incidence of malaria are uncertain and depend
on geographic location. Models predict a substantial increase in the
number of people at risk from dengue fever in Mexico, Brazil, Peru
and Ecuador. 12 In Bolivia, El Nino events have precipitated cholera
and salmonella episodes, and in Venezuela and Columbia El Nino
events have been shown to be correlated with malaria cycles.
As elsewhere in the world, warming will contribute to an increased
frequency of forest fires, which aside from their destructive
economic impact have strong effects on those with breathing
problems. The urban “heat island” effect is exacerbated by
deforestation, urbanization and global warming, and high
atmospheric temperatures over urban areas lead to thermal inversions
and the accumulation of air pollution such as smog, which strongly
Along with national and international efforts to control climate
change by limiting the emissions of greenhouse gases, adaptation
assistance to regions like Latin America should be a high priority.
Development strategies must take account of the climate impacts and
dangers which are already more likely to occur, and efforts to make
development “disaster-proof” are necessary. There are many
components to an adaptation strategy, including “conservation of key
ecosystems, early warning systems, risk management in agriculture,
strategies for flood, drought, and coastal management, and disease
Christians in the U.S. have many personal relationships and cultural
ties with Latin Americans, and they care deeply for Latin America
through their support for missionaries, relief and development
workers, local Latin American churches, and helpful government
policies. Global warming will make the efforts of Christians
and others to help the poor and improve the lives of average Latin
American much more difficult. Hard-fought gains will be wiped out,
successes turned to losses. The conclusion is obvious: anyone
concerned for the people of Latin America should work now to reduce
the impacts of climate change.
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