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Animal Testing Essay, Example Composition Writing on Animal Testing

Essay 1: Is Animal Testing a Necessity?

Every year, millions of animals undergo painful suffering or death as a result of scientific research into the effects of drugs, food additives, cosmetics and other chemical products. While most people think animal testing is necessary, others are upset by what they see as needless suffering. This essay looks at some of the positive and negative aspects of animal testing.

Many medical treatments and procedures have been developed from experiments on animals. Since animals share many features with humans, scientists use animals to test the safety and effectiveness of newly developed drugs before pilot testing on small groups of patients. Medical teams practice new operating techniques such as transplants on animals. Without animal testing, many procedures or new drugs would be extremely unsafe.

However, many people are concerned that animals are suffering unnecessarily and cruelly. They do not believe that every new drug needs to be tested on animals, especially with the huge database of knowledge and modern computer models. They also are worried that many animal tests are ineffective, pointing out that many drugs have had to be withdrawn from the market despite extensive testing. They particularly feel that animal testing should not be used for non-essential products such as cosmetics, shampoos, soaps, and cleaning products. Furthermore, some campaigners would like to see certain tests replaced and more humane methods used.

We need to make sure that the millions of animals who are used for testing new products are treated with the minimum of suffering. Although some animal testing may be unavoidable at present, treating our fellow creatures as mercifully as possible will demonstrate our humanity.

Essay 2: Animal Testing

Every day, thousands of people are saved from painful diseases and death by powerful medical drugs and treatments. This incredible gift of medicine would not be possible without animal testing. Despite these overwhelming benefits, however, some people are calling for animal testing to be banned because of alleged cruelty. This essay will examine arguments for and against animal testing.

Those against the use of animal testing claim that it is inhumane to use animals in experiments. I disagree completely. It would be much more inhumane to test new drugs on children or adults. Even if it were possible, it would also take much longer to see potential effects, because of the length of time we live compared to laboratory animals such as rats or rabbits.

Opponents of animal testing also claim that the results are not applicable to humans. This may be partly true. Some drugs have had to be withdrawn, despite testing. However, we simply do not have alternative methods of testing. Computer models are not advanced enough, and testing on plants is much less applicable to humans than tests on animals such as monkeys. Until we have a better system, we must use animal testing.

A further point often raised against animal testing is that it is cruel. Some of the tests certainly seem painful, but the great majority of people on this planet eat meat or wear leather without any guilt. Where is their sympathy for animals? Furthermore, animals clearly do not feel the same way as humans, and scientists are careful to minimize stress in the animals, since this would damage their research.

I agree that we need to make sure that animals who are used for testing new products have the minimum of suffering. However, I am convinced that animal testing is necessary, and that it will continue to benefit humans in new and wonderful ways.
 

Essay Example 3: Animal Testing May Be Necessary

Animal testing may be necessary, but we need to be be merciful. Every year, millions of animals undergo painful suffering or death as a result of scientific research into the effects of drugs, food additives, cosmetics and other chemical products. While most people think animal testing is necessary, others are upset by what they see as needless suffering. This essay looks at some of the positive and negative aspects of animal testing.

Many medical treatments and procedures have been developed from experiments on animals. Since animals share many features with humans, scientists use animals to test the safety and effectiveness of newly developed drugs before pilot testing on small groups of patients. Medical teams practice new operating techniques such as transplants on animals. Without animal testing, many procedures or new drugs would be extremely unsafe.

However, many people are concerned that animals are suffering unnecessarily and cruelly. They do not believe that every new drug needs to be tested on animals, especially with the huge database of knowledge and modern computer models. They also are worried that many animal tests are ineffective, pointing out that any drugs have had to be withdrawn from the market despite extensive testing. They particularly feel that animal testing should not be used for non-essential products such as cosmetics, shampoos, soaps, and cleaning products. Furthermore, some campaigners would like to see certain tests replaced and more humane methods used.
We need to make sure that the millions of animals who are used for testing new products are treated with the minimum of suffering. Although some animal testing may be unavoidable at present, treating our fellow creatures as mercifully as possible will demonstrate our humanity.

There is no alternative

Every day, thousands of people are saved from painful diseases and death by powerful medical drugs and treatments. This incredible gift of medicine would not be possible without animal testing. Despite these overwhelming benefits, however, some people are calling for animal testing to be banned because of alleged cruelty. This essay will examine arguments for and against animal testing. Those against the use of animal testing claim that it is inhumane to use animals in experiments. I disagree completely. It would be much more inhumane to test new drugs on children or adults. Even if it were possible, it would also take much longer to see potential effects, because of the length of time we live compared to laboratory animals such as rats or rabbits.

Opponents of animal testing also claim that the results are not applicable to humans. This may be partly true. Some drugs have had to be withdrawn, despite testing. However, we simply do not have alternative methods of testing. Computer models are not advanced enough, and testing on plants is much less applicable to humans than tests on animals such as monkeys. Until we have a better system, we must use animal testing. A further point often raised against animal testing is that it is cruel. Some of the tests certainly seem painful, but the great majority of people on this planet eat meat or wear leather without any guilt. Where is their sympathy for animals? Furthermore, animals clearly do not feel the same way as humans, and scientists are careful to minimize stress in the animals, since this would damage their research. I agree that we need to make sure that animals who are used for testing new products have the minimum of suffering. However, I am convinced that animal testing is necessary, and that it will continue to benefit humans in new and wonderful ways.

Advantages of Animal Testing in Medical Research

Medical research involving animals has dramatically improved the health of the human race. Without animal testing, the cure for polio would not exist and diabetics would suffer or die from their disease. Despite these benefits, some people believe that animals should be not be used for testing medical techniques and drugs. This essay will outline the advantages of animal testing.

Animal testing allows scientists to test and create new drugs. Animals such as monkeys or rabbits have similar physical processes to humans. This allows scientists to test the effects of certain drugs. If a drug produces adverse effects in animals it is probably unfit for human use. Animal testing is cheap. There is a large supply of animals for medical research. Animals are easily bred, and maintained safely in controlled labs. The costs of testing in humans would be extremely high. Many people argue that animal testing is cruel. In some cases this is true. However it would be much more cruel to test new drugs on people or children, or to let people die because there was not enough information about a drug. Furthermore, legislation in most countries sets standards for animal treatment, and laboratories have guidelines to prevent cruelty. Opponents of animal research also say that information from animals does not apply to humans. They point to certain commercial drugs which have been withdrawn because of side-effects in humans While it is true that animal systems differ from human systems, there are enough similarities to apply information from animals to humans.

Animal rights campaigners claim that we don’t need new tests because we already have vast amounts of information. However, many new deadly infections appear every year and new treatments and drugs are needed to combat these deadly plagues. Animal testing is needed in the world we live in. Our responsibility is to manage the animals in our care and balance their suffering against the good that comes from them.

Essay Sample 3: The Truth About Animal Research

Animal research is a very controversial topic that is disputed between many scientists and animal activists. Scientists argue that animal research is necessary because it helps them develop medication, vaccines, or new procedures to treat or prevent diseases for both humans and animals. Animal activists, on the other hand, argue that animal testing is cruel and inhumane because the animals suffer for the sole benefit of another species. This group of people does not know the truth about animal research and the scientists involved with it. They need to be educated about the real facts of animal testing: Animals involved in animal testing are treated fairly, animal research and testing benefits both humans and animals, and the doctors performing the research really do care about the animals. If the world listened to the real facts, not the myths, about animal testing, then scientists would be able to make much more progress with their research.

Contrary to the many preconceived notions about animal research, the animals involved in the experiments are not tortured or in pain. Animals involved with animal research are almost never in agony because "fifty-seven percent of all research procedures with animals involved no more than slight or momentary pain or distress". It is essential that these animals are treated fairly because well-treated animals provide reliable scientific results. If an animal is in pain or distress, then that will affect how the animal responds to the medication being tested. Also, each animal research institution must establish a committee that includes a veterinarian and outside members of the public. This committee examines and supervises every experiment to confirm that each animal is treated with optimal care. There are also federal laws, such as the Public Health Service Act and the Animal Welfare Act, which "regulate the alleviation and elimination of pain" and also monitor certain aspects of animal care such as "caging, feeding, exercise of dogs, and the psychological well-being of primates". These laws prevent scientists from intentionally neglecting any of the animals that are involved with the research being done. The scientists are privileged to work with the animals in the first place. Therefore, it is highly unlikely that they would abuse this privilege by intentionally harming any animal.

Animal research has helped with the development of many medications and vaccines that have helped both humans and animals. Even animal activists cannot argue this fact: Almost every advancement in the medical world has in some way depended on animal research. For humans, animal research has increased the average American life span by almost thirty years. The Foundation for Biomedical Research says, "Our best hope for developing preventions, treatments and cures for diseases such as Alzheimer's, AIDS and cancer will also involve biomedical research using animals". Animal research has also helped with the development of vaccines for common diseases that were once endemic. Some of these common vaccines are for polio, rubella, mumps, measles, tetanus, and influenza. For animals, the creation of vaccines for rabies, parvovirus, anthrax, tetanus, distemper, infectious hepatitis, and feline leukemia has improved their lives dramatically. Animal research is helping to create new treatments for heart disease, glaucoma, cancer, hip dysplasia, and traumatic injuries of animals. The developments made by animal research are also helping to preserve endangered species through advanced reproductive techniques. Animal research is extremely beneficial for both humans and animals, and without it medical treatment would not be as advanced as it is today.

Doctors involved with animal research are being wrongly judged as people who do not care about the welfare of animals. On the contrary, doctors who perform animal research really do care about the animals with which they work. They are doing these experiments to help the animals also. Many people believe they are exploiting animals in order to exclusively benefit another species--the human race. This is false given that the doctors are performing the research for not only the benefit of humans, but also for animals. There is also another preconceived notion that doctors could be performing their experiments with computer models and cell cultures. This is also false seeing as although computer models and cell cultures can help us gain some information about the living systems of animals and humans, the final test has to be done in a living system. The Foundation for Biomedical Research says, "Even the most sophisticated technology cannot mimic the complicated interactions among cells, tissues, and organs that occur in humans and animals". All of these myths debase the doctors involved with animal research. Instead of spreading myths about animal research doctors, the world should be spreading the true facts.

Animal research is extremely important due to its innumerable contributions to the medical world. It has saved millions of human and animal lives through the creation of safe and effective vaccines, medication, and procedures to treat many of the diseases, that at one time plagued our world. Although many animal activists protest that animal research is cruel and inhumane, they could not be more mistaken. Animal research does not exploit and harm animals. On the contrary, it protects and benefits them. Doctors would be able to receive more funding and assistance if everyone supported animal research. This could lead to even more breakthroughs in medicine for humans and animals. If it were possible to save even more lives through animal research, shouldn't everyone support this humane cause?


Essay Example 4: Lifesaving Animals in Research

Scientists are working hard to find ways to eliminate diseases and create lifesaving surgical procedures by humanely using animals in biomedical research. Using animals for medical studies however, is wrongly looked down on as cruel and inhumane. The people who believe false accusations and unfairly judge the practice are missing the facts that biomedical research is far from crazy scientists senselessly murdering animals. Biomedical research is absolutely necessary and can be thanked for many vaccines which have quieted diseases that once killed millions of both humans and animals. Through biomedical research, animals have helped us to create a healthier world in which humans and animals benefit from lifesaving work.

Biomedical research has been accused of killing millions of animals and treating them cruelly, but this allegation could not be further from the truth. The animals receive top quality care and are treated with the utmost respect. The Animal Welfare Act, created in 1966, set forth rules and regulations on how to deal with animals in research. It demands that all animals receive "adequate, food, living space, and veterinary attention". In addition to this, animals must also be housed in clean and properly lit buildings. Dogs are required to receive exercise and primates are to be kept psychologically happy. Failure to comply with the regulations results in steep fines and even closure of a facility. Researchers will administer pain killers or anesthesia, although many experiments cause little to no pain. A scientist's first concern while experimenting is an animal's health, and researchers fully believe that there is no justification for inhumane treatment. A stressed or hurt animal can change results and make them invalid; therefore, the animal is provided with the best quality care because good health is an absolute priority when experimenting. Laws and regulations on animal welfare have been established and strictly followed by researchers to achieve their biggest goal: Healthy animals, who give reliable results, lead to the creation of lifesaving drugs.

The use of animals in biomedical research has been unfairly judged by many animal activists who are ignorant of the facts surrounding the industry. The myth of scientists as cruel individuals has been fabricated by many animal activist groups. Why would the people, who were motivated by their desire to alleviate pain and suffering in the first place, purposely cause unnecessary harm to the animals who help to achieve that goal? Animal activist groups feel that no animal should be used in biomedical research and have gone to extreme lengths by breaking in to laboratories, stealing animals, and destroying years worth of data. It is these radical groups, not the biomedical industry, who destroy research and ultimately cause the suffering to the people and animals because vaccines are not administered. Gross exaggerations made by activists include the myth that millions of pets are stolen and placed in laboratories. Scientists have no interest in using family pets and acquire most of their animals from a licensed breeder or in some states, not including Pennsylvania, a pound. Millions of cats and dogs waste away in shelters every year, but biomedical research offers a way for their lives to be

beneficial to everyone. Some argue that animals are not needed if options like computer programs and cell cultures are available to observe chemical reactions: "But the body's organs and systems interact in sophisticated ways". Although these simple replacements provide valuable information, they are not enough for scientists to fully comprehend the complexity of the reactions that occur in the body. The biomedical industry is under attack from exaggerated claims made by animal activist, but the real facts prove how important the research is for saving lives.

Biomedical research can be thanked for the millions of lives saved from the vaccines and procedures created. Animals used in research have made special contributions to the medical world, especially dogs, cats, monkeys, and rodents. Dogs have been particularly helpful in developing surgeries such as coronary bypass surgery, pacemaker implantation, heart valve insertion, and angioplasty because of the similarities between the human and the canine cardiovascular system. Brain and hearing disorders have been researched through cats, and non-human primates have helped scientists understand some of today's life-threatening diseases including malaria, AIDS, heart disease, and cancer. Not only has this research benefited humans, but also has helped to create a vaccine called the parvovirus vaccine, which has saved thousands of dog's lives. The hard work that has been accomplished through using animals in research has helped to create a healthier world.

Biomedical research is under attack by false claims that have defaced the industry and activists have ignored the miracle advances that have come from many scientists hard work. These misconceptions have taken away from the fact that the research helps to save lives everyday. Scientists have created miracle drugs and procedures, and they treat the animals that help to achieve this goal with the highest care and respect as possible. After seeing all the accomplishments which have come out of the animals being researched, it is clear that the biomedical industry is a crucial part of today's world - a world that maybe one day will live without worry of disease because of these lifesaving animals.

Example Essay 5: Is the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research Inhumane?

Is biomedical research inhumane, or does the inhumanity lay in allowing vital information with the capability to save millions of lives, animal and human alike, to slip through our fingers? Many believe that testing cures and remedies on animals is cruel and inhumane, although this research is imperative to medical progress. Animal testing not only advances the scientific knowledge of medicine used to treat humans but to treat animals as well. Protected by restrictive laws to ensure proper treatment, animals provide critical information for medical progress.

In order to uncover the mysteries of the human body, cure diseases, and discover new methods of surgery and treatment, scientists must study a model similar to that of the human body. Scientists use biomedical research "to assess human biologic reactions and responses". Animals are used in biomedical research because they are structured similarly to the human body. Although advances in technology have enabled scientists to use cell and tissue samples to conduct research, many processes can only be accurately studied through the use of mammals, because of their similarity to humans. Emulating the body's complex processes is essential to biomedical research in order to study how diseases and possible treatments affect the body. Animals are vital components to advancements in medicine: "Animal studies have provided the scientific knowledge that allows health care providers to improve the quality of life for humans and animals by preventing and treating diseases and disorders, and by easing pain and suffering". This information is obtained through careful animal testing, regulated by multiple laws within the United States to ensure the safety of the animals. Animals are protected by the Animal Welfare Act which guarantees that animals receive proper housing, food, exercise, and living environment. Scientists are also required to present a research proposal to an institutional animal care and use committee to receive permission before beginning research. In addition, research conducted involves experiments that do not harm the animals, or drugs are administered to the animal prior to the experiment in order to ease the pain. Biomedical research is conducted safely in order to ensure the proper treatment of the animals and is imperative to scientific progress.

Medical advancements through biomedical research are extremely beneficial to humans. Without the inclusion of animal testing in biomedical research, the scientific discoveries made throughout the years concerning medical treatments and cures would not have progressed to the advanced knowledge society possesses today: "Animal research has played a vital role in virtually every major medical advance of the last century-for both human and animal health". Through biomedical research, scientists have been able to develop vaccines against polio, measles, smallpox, tetanus, and rubella. Animal testing also contributed to the development of antibiotics to fight bacterial infection, treatments for cancer, insulin to aid diabetes patients, kidney dialysis, and the use of penicillin. Many more
discoveries have been made over the past century, enabling many diseases, which were once life threatening, to be treated. Scientists have also been able to study cancer, AIDS, open-heart surgery, artificial joints, Alzheimer's disease, organ transplants, and blood transfusions by being able to study these diseases and procedures through animal testing. Over time, humans have benefited immensely from the medical advancements made possible through animal testing-an important process in obtaining research that has increased human life span and greatly improved the lives of human beings.

Many believe that animal testing benefits only humans, when in fact this research provides vital medical information that can be beneficial to animals as well. Through biomedical research, scientists have been able to find cures and treatments for diseases that affect animals. Animal research has lead to the development of the vaccines against rabies, feline leukemia, anthrax and tetanus. Many studies conducted have also lead to discoveries of treatments for cancer in animals, treatment of arthritis, controlling tuberculosis, and controlling heartworm infection. In addition, many of the treatments found to work on humans are later altered in order to treat animals. There are many diseases that can be cured or treated in order to improve the life of humans, as well as animals: "both humans and animals suffer from diseases that cause years or even a lifetime of pain". Biomedical research is imperative for medical advancements for both human beings and animals.

There are many factors that contribute to the ongoing argument about the morality of using animals for biomedical research. When formulating an opinion about animal testing and its justification, it is important to consider the benefits of the information obtained. The research conducted has been essential to the medical advancements made over the years that are responsible for saving millions of lives daily. Through animal testing, scientists have also been able to discover new cures and treatments for diseases prevalent in animals as well as humans. Research facilities are also required to ensure the safety and proper treatment of the animals, in accordance with multiple laws passed in the United States to prevent the maltreatment of animals. When all the facts are considered, it is the lack of compassion for those suffering with life altering diseases, not the use of animals to improve and save the lives of millions, which is inhumane.


Sample Essay 6: Moral Ethics Concerning Animal Testing

The statement “the confinement and use of non-human animals in scientific and medical experiments is morally unacceptable,” is one that needs to be given serious consideration. It must be asked if the benefits of experimenting on animals are really worth the pain, suffering, and death inflicted on these innocent creatures. The answer is complex, but the consequences of the living conditions and experimentation are far too great to be morally permissible. Non-human animals are treated cruelly and disrespectfully while they are kept and caged in unhealthy conditions. Certain factors must be considered when looking at the inhumane treatment of animals in research facilities. These aspects include: the conscious/self-awareness of animals, the pain imposed, the right to life, equal consideration, animal dignity, and the inherent worth of these living creatures. There are alternatives to animal testing through technological advancements that allow for more accurate test findings and results without causing any harm to animals or humans. Considering all of these issues, the treatment and experimentation on non-human animals is disturbing and unethical.

Conscious and self-aware creatures have the ability to perceive themselves at a particular moment in time separate from others, as an individual. They are aware of sensations that travel through their nerves and to their brains, such as pain when caused from external stimuli. Self aware animals have the ability to reason and think they’re way through a problem. This has been evident with animals like the Great Apes that have proven in one case with mirrors to be able to recognize themselves in the reflection of the mirror. In addition to this a couple of specially trained apes such as Coco the gorillas have been taught to express thoughts, feelings, and emotions. Apes like Coco have been taught to use sign-language and lexigrams which are keyboards with symbols that apes can use to communicate and express themselves. Members of the Great Ape family are proven to have very advanced capabilities in comparison to other animals. They have the ability to complete difficult and complex tasks, and in many circumstances innovate tools to meet their needs. Combining their language and cognitive capacities apes are able to match the abilities of a two year old human. While it would never be considered morally permissible to perform medical experiments on two year old human infants, why then is okay to experiment on apes with the same capabilities?

Other animals must be entered into this equation besides the Great Ape family, each of which have their own level of capabilities. This brings into account the argument of marginal cases which compares and contrasts different species in an attempt to rank them on a capability spectrum. Take for example a severally mentally challenged human being, this individual is not self-aware, is not conscious, and has very limited if any capabilities. Compare this human to a mouse; it is debatable whether the mouse is self-aware, but it is evident that it is a conscious animal and has capabilities. The mouse has arguably higher capacities and capabilities than the severally mentally retarded human. If scientists decided to keep severally mentally retarded humans in cages at research facilities and conducted medical experiments on them there would be an outcry throughout the community. The scientists performing the experiments would be viewed as monsters and most likely would be prosecuted for their actions, but nothing is said in regard to the mouse.

The animals used in medical experiments and scientific research are not kept in or treated in humane ways, not to mention the cruelty of the experimentation themselves. In a recent case with Coco the gorilla the misconduct in treatment is disturbing. “Gorilla Foundation President Francine Patterson talking to Coco, the world-famous sign language – speaking gorilla, according to a lawsuit filed against the foundation. The suit was filed by two former female employees who said Patterson tired to force them to show Coco their nipples to satisfy the gorilla’s nipple fetish…”. Even what may seem to some to be the most noble of scientific research on animals has shocking repercussions. Looking at another case, the testing of cosmetic products on animals exemplifies how unethical medical experiments are on animals. Animals like rabbits and mice are used to test the effects of different cosmetics; the animal’s eyes will be pinned open and infected with cosmetic products are applied. These animals experience a large amount of pain in this process. It is documented that the rabbits and mice have gone blind, began to bleed, and even died because of snapping their necks in attempt to break free from the devices holding them in place.

According to a national census in Europe in 2003 looking at different aspects of experimentation performed on animals; it was found that 61% of the animals experimented on suffered moderate to very severe discomfort. In the same study, all Dutch establishments engaged in animal experiments were examined in the study. Eighty-four establishments in all were found. Thirty-three of those establishments were various industries testing their products on animals like that of the cosmetic experiments described before. Only three of the eighty-four establishments were hospitals and public health laboratories. In another report from the United Kingdom it shows that 2,791,781 animals were used in experiments and procedures 2003, this is a 59,069 increase over the 2002 statistics. There was also a 37% increase in the number of procedures that inflicted physical trauma on the animals. Only 11% of these animals were able to be recycled to be used in other experiments.

Animals are creatures experiencing subjects-of-a-life that have an inherent value. Animals have the right not to be experimented on and be forced into painful and fatal procedures to which they will not even benefit. Animals have a right to life that researchers and scientists are disregarding as less important than another. The most deadly diseases in the world are not “whole” diseases, meaning that they take place on the cellular level, thus making whole animals unnecessary for the research. The chemical make-ups of animals and humans are very different from one another that the testing of drugs on animals really only explains the effects on that animal, and can not be automatically correlated to humans. “species react differently to the same drug: morphine sedates people but stimulates cats; aspirin is safe for people but can kill cats, strychnine is deadly to people but not monkeys, belladonna kills humans yet is harmless to rabbits”. Advocates for experimentation on animals may argue that animals, especially mammals are related to humans enough with similarity to organs and other physical aspects that the effects of a drug on an animal will likely be the same on a human. If these animals are acting as replacements or substitutes to humans because they are so similar it is wrong to use them in experiments, just as it would be wrong to use a human in such experiments. A lot of companies that test their products on animals make their products with chemicals, whose effects on humans are already known to be safe from their history of use. With this knowledge it does not seem logical or ethical to continue to subject animals to these experiments. There are alternative systems that have been derived from technological advancements that allow computer programs to test the effects of chemicals and various products on humans in an artificial setting. In this setting no animals or humans would be harmed. “Using computers, scientists have built an accurate working model of a human heart that will allow researchers to test new treatments electronically before they are attempted on humans. Computerized “virtual organs” predict how drugs will be absorbed and metabolized, so drug companies can now test the effects of substances electronically before ever trying them on a person”.

There is also an alternative to use human tissue samples and culture cells to be used in scientific and medical research instead of animals. These tests are reliable, efficient, and accurate in their results. In addition to these benefits, using the alternative methods take less time to complete and are more cost effective. “In cancer studies, animal tests of a single substance may take four to eight years and cost $400,000 or more, whereas short-term non-animal studies cost as little as $200-$4,000 and can be completed in just days”. All of this research is being conducted based on synthesized human models so that results can be directly linked to the effects on living humans. This is far more beneficial to humans than trying to account for all of the physical and chemical differences that separate the species.

The argument of whether or not to perform scientific and medical experiments on animals is one that has clearly passed its ethical boundaries and is in serious need of reform. Animals are treated and kept in severally inhumane ways that cause them pain and suffering. The experimentation on animals has reached a threshold where animals are being tortured and killed for unnecessary means and in brutal fashions. These animals, just as humans, have dignity and a right-to-life that is being taken away from them for an unjust cause, one in which they do not benefit. Effective alternatives have been developed allowing scientists and researchers to use highly sophisticated computer programs and other technologies to look at cellular structures, in order to analysis the effects of chemicals and drugs on humans. These new methods are proven to be more accurate as well as more time and cost efficient. Given all of this information these conscious and self-aware creatures should not and can not continue to be exploited for unjust means that are dated, savage, and ineffective in safeguarding human life.

Example Essay 7: Should animals be used for product/medical testing?

Polio vaccine, heart and lung transplants, cancer, and AIDS treatments have all been made possible because of animal testing. Millions and millions of lives have been saved because of these five treatments alone. Medical animal testing is very important for the survival of the human race. Some say that it is inhumane, but the government has set guidelines for the testing of animals and, if followed, is actually quite ethical. Cosmetic animal testing, on the other hand, is appalling. Animals should be used for medical but not cosmetic testing.

Without animal testing there would not be the medical advances in technology of today. Animals are the closest things that resemble human life systems like the reproductive and respiratory systems, and the digestive track. Animal testing is needed to ensure that medications, vaccines, and surgical procedures are safe for the public. Without animal testing, sixty million people would risk death from heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure from lack of medication to control high blood pressure. Without animal testing 7,500 newborns with jaundice, each year would develop cerebral palsy, now preventable through phototherapy; and polio would kill or cripple thousands of unvaccinated children and adults. Without animal testing millions of dogs, cats, and other pets and farm animals would have died from anthrax, distemper, feline leukemia, rabies, and more than 200 other diseases that are now preventable.

The guidelines set up by the government are there to ensure that scientists performing experiments on animals are doing so without causing any permanent danger to the animals. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted a survey that said approximately sixty one percent of animals used in testing suffer no pain, thirty one percent have their pain relieved with anesthesia, and only about six percent of all animals experience any pain at all (USDA). These small numbers of animals who are subjected to painful procedures are unavoidable to gain medical advances.

Besides medical testing, there is another thing animal testing is used for, cosmetics. This is ridiculous. By law, most cosmetics are not even required to be tested. There is no reason that animals should be subjected to these tests so women can make themselves look better. Companies should just use ingredients or combinations of ingredients that have already been proven safe, or use natural ingredients that are already known to be safe. Unlike medications and vaccines, cosmetics and perfumes have no scientific value, therefore should not be tested on animals.

Millions of lives would be lost without animal testing; there wouldn't be vaccinations and cures for numerous diseases and sicknesses. The testing is done in controlled environments with regulations in place to prevent cruelty to the animals being tested. Testing cosmetics on animals, however, is unnecessary. Considering all of this, the advantages of animal testing far outweigh the disadvantages.

 



 

  

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